عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Primitive religious belief could not have conceptualized earthly and heavenly power objectively except in the feminine principal of existence. All ancient societies moved around one or more symbols which stood as the origin and source of the primitive mother and worshiped it. Subsequent changes and developments led to the worship of multiple gods with human shapes and body.The history of Iran shows that at different times women have held lofty positions. Women were the keepers of the fire, inventors and makers of pottery, finders of plants, experimenters of farming, and administrators of tribes. Women have also been the link between families. By making pottery they learnt chemistry, by spinning they understood physics, by weaving they became familiar with mechanics. Research about the position and status of women in Elamite civilization is of importance as Iranians have adapted large parts of their culture and civilization from Elam. In particular as the feminine principal of existence stood at the center of Elamite religious beliefs so goddesses were among the predominant gods. According to Elamite legal thoughts women had their own rights and positions and as plaintive they never appeared in an inferior rank. In all legal judgements there are names of gods who have mainly female genders. In Elamite society the testimony of women was acceptable and women's names in judicial reports bares witness to this fact. It was due to the high position of womens that the king Shiro Kadooh appointed his mother Susa's Sukkal.