عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Some Hadith on the surface do not seem to be very approval of women’s perfect enjoyment of wisdom and this has raised the question whether Imams (PBUH) believed that women have an inherent deficit in the intellect or training environment conditions as well as time ones have had an impact upon this belief. It becomes more important for women when the possession of the fullest sense of intellect is considered necessary to authenticate moral responsibility, because the intellectual deficit doubts in women make them morally irresponsible. This article tries to classify and analyze in detail the Quranic verses and Hadith on this issue by expressing different opinions in this regard to give a comprehensive theory about wisdom and moral responsibility.
Full expression of intellect and the analysis of Imams (PBUH) make it clear that women are not different inherently from men and other factors are involved which can be discussed.
Owing to their enjoyment of human spirit, women have the conditions to feel morally responsible. However they must understand their special missions and make a balance between their power of reason as well as their blessing of emotion to provide the conditions to fully perform their responsibilities.