عنوان مقاله [English]
This article is written from sociology of art point of view. The role of social factors influencing people to become artist is an important issue in this field. One of these social factors is one’s gender which is studied here. In this article, female artists are studied in terms of their appearance in different artistic fields. The main factor important in this appearance is considered to be gender. The question is whether or not the number of women artists has increased recently? The second question is whether or not the presence of women artists in different artistic fields is the same? Research method for this study is documentary and many pieces of research are used in order to collect data. These include works previously done on different artistic fields in Iran comparing the number of men and women active in each artistic field in different periods of time. The findings show that first the number of women artists has increased and second this increase has not been the same in different artistic fields. Based on findings of the article, the population of women directors in film industry and in theater in Iran is much smaller than other fields. Instead, the population of Iranian women painters, musicians and writers is bigger than other fields. The question raised here is if there are social factors which influence men and women doing different artistic activities with different degrees of competence. The article discusses that the main reason contributing to increase of the number of Iranian women in some artistic fields is the possibility of doing those artistic activities in private locations and by oneself; in contract, their number decreases if they require to work outdoor and in group situation.