عنوان مقاله [English]
Rites are a collection of actions and speeches that are held in a cult and community which believe that existence of the effective presence of supernatural beings has influence on them in particular ways. A number of them are collective rituals, which votive dastarkhans are from this group. A significant portion of them are performed only by women and only in the presence of women.
In this article, we have attempted to answer the question of how can the votive dastarkhans in Iran be regarded as a rites de passage and analyzed on this basis? As the results of the survey show, these small communities, though not defined by Arnold Van Gennep , are not fully indicative of rites de passage stages, but with the more developed Turner's perspective, the components of these rituals can comprise Turner's stages.
The present research is based on recognition of a part of Iranian women rituals that have been so far less scientifically explored, and are usually only referred to as folk customs. Therefore, a number of votive dastarkhans ,in five region, have been studied by qualitative method using rites de passage theory, and after the analysis of ritual components according to the nature of the passage stages. Previously, there have been found examples of aspects of communitas and liminality, as well as the forms of the sacrament transmission.