عنوان مقاله [English]
Aimed at the evaluation of the kinship, family and marriage system in pre-Islamic Iran, mainly Zoroastrian Sassanid era, and today Iranian Zoroastrian society, this study has been carried out. In this study with diachronic approach, the changes in kinship system, especially the family and marriage systems, in pre-Islamic Iran and modern Zoroastrians in Iran via library research methods, historical and ethnographic methods, had been assessed. Studying the works and resources related to the family and marriage before Islam in Iran, formed the historical information, and doing ethnography in Darb e Mehr e Gohar va Mehraban- a Zoroastrian fire temple in Isfahan- via observation, and interview formed the modern kinship, family and marriage status and laws among the Zoroastrian in Iran. In this research an open ended, structured interview were used. In this study, the changes were assessed according to Claude Rivière and G. P. Murdock viewpoint of the kinship, family and marriage system. These two scholar assumed the least changes in kinship system, and among kinship elements, Rivière believed that, the most impact is related to the marriage. In this research this theory analyzed and its accuracy were confirmed according to the findings. Moreover the assumptions like the passage of cultural component from the simple to the developed and complicacy conflicted according to the findings of this study, and it has been distinguished that the cultural components do not necessarily move from the simple to the complicacy and they do not even necessarily change too.