عنوان مقاله [English]
An archetype is the reflection of universal concepts and perceptions of a single subject in the collective subconscious. One of its main concepts is the mother archetype, widely present in ancient myths and stories in terms of variety in meaning and form. This study investigated female character based on Gustav Jung's theories about the Mother Archetype. A previous relevant study investigated the mother archetype and Jung theories in literary works such as poetry and fiction. Only two works have investigated the play The Sky Horses Rain Ashes, which differ from this study in terms of scientific theory and character study. The questions that this study sought to answer are as follows: 1) How have the components of the mother archetype been reflected in the play The Sky Horses Rain Ashes? and 2) How is the mother archetype represented in the personal subconscious of the character of the play The Sky Horses Rain Ashes? The main goal was to show that the use of the mother archetype in the play is aimed at raising and processing its character. The results indicated the representation of female symbols and elements in the real and virtual forms of the mother archetype in the characters of the play. The reflection of the mother's archetype in the real form includes: creativity, support, purity, divinity, giving hope, liberation, reflection of life in the subconscious mind (doubt, mother complex, pain, suffering, loneliness) and that in the virtual form is in natural elements, including the effect of past life on the subconscious mind in the symbolic form of the mother's uterus, rebirth, guardianship, and security provision. This study was conducted using the descriptive-analytical method and written library sources.